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Tuesday, April 26, 2005

Adnan Khashoggi Linked to 911 Terrorists



By Alex Constantine

"Freedom is not a concept in which people can do anything they want, be anything they can be. Freedom is about authority..." - Rudolph Giuliani, NY Daily News, October25, 1998

"Lets forgive the Nazi war criminals!" - George H.W. Bush, NY Times, April 14, 1990

The day after the decimation of the World Trade Center, the BBC lamented that a shattered Rudolph Giuliani "ventured so close to the chaos that he had to be ushered away, dust on his shoulders." Flashing Nikons caught it all. A wounded city struggled to come to terms with an overwhelming disaster, and the mayor was "at the centre of events, ensuring practical help, identifying with the suffering of the city's people, offering hope and reassurance for the future."

Only a cynic would deny that this Mafioso's son was an inspiration to the world.1 To think, Rudy pointed out, that he'd recently been denied a third term, that the day before, on September 11, Democrats and Republicans had primaries scheduled to replace him. But these were postponed, of course. All eyes were on the mayor and his grim responsibilities in New York.2

It all took on an eerie cinematic quality, and Rudy proved that he had immeasurable star power. Jerry Hauer, former director of New York's Office of Emergency Management, told the BBC reporters: "I've been in the disaster business for a long time, and frankly, there are few elected officials as good as him".3

Frankly, Jerome M. Hauer left the position in New York for Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) - a partner with ChoicePoint in the keeping of secret files, "data mining and warehousing," on private citizens4 - in November 1999. Hauer was appointed to the office of vice president and associate director of SAIC's Center for Counterterrorism Technology and Analysis. David ("WMD sniffer") Kay, the Center's director, enthused: "His expertise in crisis management, fire safety and emergency medical response adds additional capabilities to our counterterrorism practice."

An ironic statement in light of recurring allegations that Rudy Giuliani and Jerry Hauer were instrumental in the development and release of the West Nile virus - a flagrant and deadly act of terrorism. The culmination of the plot came with the announcement of the vaccine (Financial Times, August 1, 2000): "Peptide Therapeutics, the UK biotech company, said it had been awarded a $3,000,000 grant to develop a new vaccine to combat the mosquito-borne West Nile virus, which killed seven. The vaccine will be developed at OraVax, Peptide's US subsidiary, using the company's proprietary ChimeriVax technology."5

Syndicated columnist Robert Shirer reports that Hauer had attended a secret panel discussion with representatives of OraVax (now Acambis) at the White House a year before the emergence of the disease, a meet also attended by defense officials: "Arrangements were then made to rescue the insolvent OraVax Corporation with a $343 million contract from the CDC for a smallpox vaccine, a $1.8 million contract from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases for a vaccine against dengue fever, and additional sums to stockpile the WNV vaccine for future emergencies.'"6

Robert Lederman, a free-lance reporter and activist in New York: "Oravax has now been given a grant from the N.I.H. (National Institute of Health) to create a WNV vaccine. The theory I and a number of other activists have been suggesting is that the entire WNV panic has been created specifically in order to justify the mass distribution of this very vaccine throughout the entire U.S."

Oravax, he says, entered into a contractual agreement in 1966 with the Army's biochemical warfare facilities at Fort Dietrick. Dr. Thomas Monath, an Orafax vice president, had worked at Fort Detrick before, on a Japanese encephalitis vaccine derived from a genetically-altered virus concocted by Army scientists.

Lederman: "WNV is a variation of Japanese encephalitis. Numerous medical and scientific institutions, many run by the Federal government, have been quietly experimenting with WNV in NYC and the surrounding area for decades. Most of this research involved bio-warfare applications."

May 9, 2000
Mosquito From Asia Could Carry West Nile

"(AP) ... In Army tests at Fort Detrick in Frederick, Md., japonicus was found to be the "most competent vector" [transmittter] for West Nile virus in a laboratory setting, when compared with other mosquitoes...."

The Orafax approach, Lederman says, is a "live, attenuated vaccine – it contains live WN virus - and involves the construction of a chimeric virus in which the envelope genes of yellow fever vaccine are replaced with the corresponding genes of the target West Nile virus."

In other words, the plan appears to be to expose the entire nation to a genetically-modified form of WNV. Since the vaccine is made from a genetically-altered strain, there is no way to know exactly what other theoretically beneficial or harmful genes may have been added.

"Scientists in the field of genetically-engineered (GE) foods have already found evidence that genes in the pollen of these foods can become incorporated into the DNA of insects that pollinate the GE plants. In other words it is possible to incorporate these genes into your own DNA simply by eating the food, or in this instance, orally taking a vaccine."7

There's no question that Giuliani was in his element on 911. The question is, how deeply? "Was it a coincidence," Lederman asked in a column written shortly after the catastrophe, "that the two worst terrorist attacks on U.S. soil each destroyed millions of files of criminal evidence that were embarrassing for U.S. government officials and corporations?..." These millions of files were evidence in criminal cases involving major U.S. banks, US-trained terrorists, the Mafia, U.S. officials and foreign governments who are now our "allies" in the so-called war on terrorism.

"Giuliani has also refused to answer any questions on why he ordered all of the steel beams from ground zero melted down and destroyed before they could be examined by investigators. Giuliani cleaned up millions of tons of WTC evidence even faster than he cleaned up the squeegee menace,' street artists or topless dancing."8

The tragi-comic punchline:


"... The latest allegations point to a wide-ranging scam involving a number of scrapyards, a traditional area of Mafia operations. Following tip-offs, police found 75 tons of material at one Long Island scrapyard and a further 180 tons in New Jersey. Trucks working at the World Trade Centre site are now being given official escorts to prevent any further loss of material. About 130,000 tons of rubble have already been removed, but an estimated one million tons of debris remains..."


1) See, "Rudy's Kin Tied to Mob," New York Daily News Online, July 6, 2000,review of Wayne Barrett's Rudy! An Investigative Biography of Rudolph Giuliani: "The book sketches a largely unflattering portrait of the clan, depicting his father, Harold, as a hothead and the muscle' behind a brother-in-law's loansharking operation, run out of a Brooklyn bar. Along with cracking heads, it says the mayor's father served time in state prison for a stickup, rarely held an on-the-books job and once was a gunman in a mob shootout in Brighton Beach, Brooklyn."

2) BBC report, "Giuliani firm among the ruins," September 14, 2001

3) SAIC press release, November 30, 1999

4) "Data Mining & Data Warehousing," SAIC web page

5) Thanks to New York reporter Robert Lederman for the package of articles on the West Nile Virus cited in this section.

6) GROUND ZERO Forum NYC, Indepenent Media Center, "The final dots of 911 and LIHOP?"

7) Robert Lederman, "WNV Vaccine Announced by Co. Linked to Giuliani,"

8) Robert Lederman, "Bushies, Guiliani, Hitler, what is the connection?" Internet post, February 4, 2002

9) Excerpt from "The Week" column, undated,


Saturday, April 23, 2005

Adnan Khashoggi Linked to 911 Terrorists



By Alex Constantine

"The US intelligence apparatus has created it own terrorist organizations. And at the same time, it creates its own terrorist warnings concerning the terrorist organizations which it has itself created. In turn, it has developed a cohesive multibillion dollar counterterrorism program to go after' these terrorist organizations." - Michel Chossudovsky

Ink-black, old guard fascism is a recurring theme in the present round of state-sponsored terrorism. On November 7, 2001, Swiss authorities froze all accounts at Nada Management, a nondescript financial services/consulting house in Lugano, and stormed the premises. The firm was accused by the U.S. Treasury Department of laundering funds for al-Qaeda. Officers of the firm were held for questioning, including Albert Friedrich Armand "Ahmed" Huber, a retired Swiss journalist and director of the Nada branch of the al-Taqwa ("Fear of God") net - in fact, a symbiotic twin - reportedly founded by ODESSA banker Francois Genoud (See part V).

Huber was a repugnant study in his own right. On November 5, 2002, Asia Times printed a thumbnail bio: "Huber [is] a high-profile neo-Nazi who tirelessly travels the far-right circuit in Europe and the United States. He sees himself as a mediator between radical Islam and what he calls the New Right. Since September 11, a picture of Osama bin Laden hangs next to one of Adolf Hitler on the wall of his study in Muri just outside the Swiss capital of Bern. September 11, says Huber, brought the radical Islam-New Right alliance together."1

Islamism and National Socialism have cursed democracy and shared political scapegoats since the 1920s when they both emerged as ideologically-driven political forces to serve their respective elites.

The Arab reflection of Mein Kampf was penned by Hassan al-Banna - founder of "al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun," an early incarnation of the Brotherhood – a "supreme guide" who dwelt endlessly on "the sickness" that has defiled the Muslem world and threatened to leave it spiritually diminished.

Al-Ikhwan mustered a score of Islamist terror organizations in 1928. The organization received funding from the Saudis about this time, and in the 1930s Al-Ikhwan established a ligation in Munich to assist in fund-raising for Adolph Hitler and his National Socialist Party.

At the same time, Lois Battuello says, "footholds were established in dozens of countries to provide the vital network for al Qaeda. These existing networks explain al Qaeda's virtual world-wide theater of operations, the tapping of an existing and buried network, one that relies on word of mouth and maintains no written records (save plans for attacks on computers)."

The Brotherhood grew in numbers, and by the end of WW II there were a half-million of them in Egypt alone, with tentacles stretching across the Arab world. By the late 1940s, the Brotherhood was so formidable that it vied for power over Egypt. Al-Banna was martyred by the government on February 12, 1949. His assassination incited a jihad. Sayyad Qutb (pronounced KUH-tuhb), a propagandist who served up an omelot of distorted religious instruction and Nazi-style anti-Semitism, assumed leadership of al-Ikhwan. In the mid-1960s, Ayman al-Zawahiri, still a juvenile, was recruited into the ranks.

Zawahiri was born to a wealthy Egyptian clan. His grandfather was Grand Imam at the al-Azhar Institute, the Sunni hub of higher learning. Abdel-Rahman Azzam, Zawahiri's uncle on his father's side, was the Arab League's secretary general. In 1974, Zawahiri graduated from the medical college at Cairo university where his father was on the faculty.

Now, in the Middle East, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem was the most influential Nazi collaborator. Another was Youssef Nada, board chairman of al-Taqwa on the day the files were impounded by the Swiss federal prosecutor's office.2 Youssef Mustapha Nada was the president of the al Taqwa Bank Group.

Nada, a naturalized Italian, according to Paul W. Rasche in Studien von Zeitfragen, was "a member of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood and Jamaa-al-Islamiya, which is directly allied with al-Qaeda through Dr. Ayman al-Zawahiri." In 1970, Nada relocated to Saudi Arabia. With an assist from the Muslim Brotherhood, he "established contact with members of the Saudi Royal family, and founded a construction company in Riyadh, much the same as the Bin Laden family. He remained active in Riyadh, and soon founded the first Islamic bank in Egypt, the Faisal Bank."

We've covered some ground since Part I of this Byzantine account, so recall the connection of Turki al-Faisal to Mr. Adnan Khashoggi: "... in cahoots with Sheik Kamal Adham, then director of Saudi intelligence (1963-79), brother-in-law of King Faisal and the CIA's key liaison in the Arab world, Khashoggi founded Oryx Investments." Oryx was linked by Khashoggi partner Wallace Hilliard to Huffman Aviation in Florida, home of the flight school where Mohammed Atta and his fellow terrorists flight-trained (Khashoggi, part I).

This pulls Zawahiri and Nada and al Taqwa directly into the Bush-Khashoggi-CIA axis: "The Faisal Islamic Bank of Saudi Arabia is the head bank of a number of affiliated Islamic Banks under that name across the Islamic world from Egypt to Pakistan to the Emirates and Malaysia. The head of Faisal Islamic Bank of Saudi Arabia is former Saudi Intelligence Chief, Turki al-Faisal [See parts V & VI]. Faisal Islamic Bank is directly involved in running accounts for bin Laden and his associates, and has been named by Luxembourg banking authorities in this regard."3

Those who don't remember history ...

Even the "mainstream" media has its uses. Nearly all of this has been reported here and there in the public print. It isn't a conspiracy theory. Fascists Genoud, Huber and Nada, by way of al Taqwa, were intimately tied to Faisal, Khashoggi, Hilliard, Dekkers, Atta ... and jihad!

... AND (why not?) throw into the mix Saud al Faisal - brother of Turki - ever the cheerful optimist, and an American ally in the war:

Royal Embasy of Saudi Arabia
Washington, D.C.
Press Release

November 9, 2001

Prince Saud Al-Faisal meets with President Bush, calls meeting "positive and productive" His Royal Highness Prince Saud Al-Faisal, Minister of Foreign Affairs, met with President George W. Bush at the White House today. His Royal Highness described the meeting, which covered a range of issues, and in particular the current situation in Afghanistan and the Middle East peace process, as "positive and productive"
(sic) ....4


1) Marc Erikson, "Middle East Islamism, fascism and terrorism," Asia Times, November 5, 2002.
Also see, "Global Nazism and the Muslim Brotherhood Indicators of Connections," by Christopher Brown, Anerson Report,
2) Ibid.

3) Paul W. Rasche, The Politics of Three - Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Israel," Studien von Zeitfragen 35, Jahrgang Internet, August 2001.

4) Saudi embassy press release:


Friday, April 15, 2005

Adnan Khashoggi Linked to 911 Terrorists



By Alex Constantine

The name is so mnemonic that once you hear it, you can never get it out of your head: "David Corn," the Washington editor for The Nation, that straggling house organ of the American left. Though I, a leftist, may occasionally respect an article appearing in The Nation, it is all too often a disappointment. The magazine is myopic, and one reason for this is the continual recycling of celebrities of the left like David Corn, who make a living by upsetting the apple cart, but not too much. He has an internal limit switch. If he were to write honestly about the John Kennedy assassination, for instance, he would most likely lose the respect of his peers, and probably his job “ therefore, he doesn't write honestly about the John Kennedy assassination.

Instead, he finds "respectable" stories, scoops just below the headlines ... and brushes up against smaller conspiracies routinely, but watches his language, avoids inflammatory words like "fascism," and feigns professionalism.

The Nation claims that David Corn "broke news of the Bush-Enron oil deal." "Did George W. Bush once have a financial relationship with Enron?" Corn writes. The year was 1986, and "according to a publicly available record" “that is, the book First Son, by Bill Minutaglio (so much for "breaking" the story) “ Bush and Enron "drilled for oil together--at a time when Bush was a not-too-successful oil man in Texas and his oil venture was in dire need of help. Bush's business association with Enron, it seems, has not previously been reported." Except in Minutaglio's book. So far, no conspiracy. But Corn is strolling onto the doggy path, and must hold his nose and watch his tongue lest someone notice. "It shows the credibility of the Bush gang and that of Enron deserve questioning when either one is talking about the other." What's this? A conspiracy of silence? (And did Bush or Enron ever have a serious claim to credibility?)

Ironically, David Corn, Noam Chomsky, Marc Cooper and other writers for The Nation frown on anyone who deals in "conspiracies," and often speak condescendingly about these geeky, paranoid mollusks. In fact, there are "conspiracy theorists" on the Internet who probed deeply into Bush's connections to Enron years ago (I have those postings on file, and some are posted in the Usenet newsgroups), but along comes David Corn detailing a conspiracy without actually using the word, and all the while praying to his personal god that no one notices.

"The CIA doesn't smuggle drugs ..." is the baldest lie in American history.

To be polite, Corn does a fair imitation of a dissenting writer ... for someone who travels on a State Department visa. On November 9, 2001, Corn boasted in an AlterNet posting that he "had been dispatched to Trinidad by the U.S. State Department to conduct a two-day seminar on investigative reporting for local journalists (your tax dollars at work!)." (Corn, "Why Bush Needs to Spin the War.") Journalists who eschew conflicting with the interests of their readers are not "dispatched" by the State Department, a branch of government that has no use for dissident writers, and in foreign countries has been known to plot their deaths. (And good ones do not spout the clich» about your tax dollars.)

David Corn finds "conspiracy theories" maddening: "Please stop sending me those emails. You know who are. And you know what emails I mean ... Okay, I'll spell it out -- those forwarded emails suggesting, or flat-out stating, the CIA and the U.S. government were somehow involved in the horrific September 11 attacks."

There are the ridiculous emails "about a fellow imprisoned in Canada who claims to be a former U.S. intelligence officer and who supposedly passed advance warning of the attack to jail guards in mid-August. There are emails, citing an Italian newspaper, reporting that last July Osama bin Laden was treated for kidney disease at the American hospital in Dubai and met with a CIA official. There are the emails, referring to a book published in France, that note the attacks came a month after Bush Administration officials, who were negotiating an oil deal with the Taliban, told the Afghans 'either you accept our offer of a carpet of gold, or we bury you under a carpet of bombs.'"

Now, it happens that every one of these vaguely identified reports can be found on my own web site (thus this response), so I know them well. The sources include Le Figaro, the India Times, Wall Street Journal and the BBC. These are "conspiracy theorists?" The articles are, in fact, published by credible news organizations with by-lines and reputations behind them, without exception. Le Figaro has confirmed that Bin Laden met with a CIA agent name Larry Mitchell two months before the World Trade Center swallowed two domestic jetliners. But David Corn is irritated by the ludicrous "e-mails."

"Such a plot -- to execute the simultaneous destruction of the two towers, a piece of the Pentagon, and four airplanes and make it appear as if it all was done by another party “ is far beyond the skill level of U.S. intelligence," Corn insists. Never mind that the 9/11 plot was allegedly conceived by a former U.S, intelligence asset. And Corn knows the classified agency's precise skill level? Perhaps the CIA is not so skillful, after all, and that's why the foreign press has been blowing the whistle and David Corn keeps receiving those "e-mails."

"Are there enough people of such a bent in all those agencies? That's doubtful," Corn sniffs. "CIA officers and American officials have been evildoers. They have supported death squads and made use of drug dealers overseas." That is, they conspired to kill and drug the country for political ends “ terrorist activity. Some would call this "conspiracy theory." "They have assisted torturers, disseminated assassination manuals, sold weapons to terrorist-friendly governments, undermined democratically-elected governments, and aided dictators who murder and maim. They have covered up reports of massacres and human rights abuses. They have plotted to kill foreign leaders...." David Corn can acknowledge this orgy of conspiracies (all the while avoiding utterance of the c-word, which would instantly turn him into a paranoid geek who will believe anything, presumably) “ some responsible for more deaths than 9/11 “ and still argue, "Would George W. Bush take the chance of being branded the most evil president of all time by countenancing such wrongdoing? Oil may be in his blood, but would he place the oil industry's interests ahead of his own?"

Excuse my language, but this is a sadistically facile argument. Would Bush place the oil industry's interests ahead of his own? They are symbiotic, it goes without saying, and this corrupt politician with this CIA dad is capable of anything.

The essential problem: "Conspiracy theories may seem more nuisance than problem," a statement contradicted by the public's continuing taste for conspiracy theories at the cinema and on the Internet and everywhere else, "but they do compete with reality for attention." Could it be that they compete with David Corn for attention, and that's why he resents them?

Corn admits he cannot muster an argument to those accursed "e-mails." But in the end, we must depend on "common sense." "The spies and special agents are not good enough, evil enough, or gutsy enough to mount this operation." This is the same organization that dragged the country into Vietnam and pulled a coup in Chile, an immense bloodbath. They couldn't arrange or allow to happen the 9/11 devastation? "That conclusion is based partly on, dare I say it, common sense, but also on years spent covering national security matters. (For a book I wrote on the CIA, I interviewed over 100 CIA officials and employees.)" In the end, it comes down to "common sense" and trust in his credentials, not a valid debunking.

So how, in a crowded room, are we to distinguish David Corn from any "mainstream" media CIA apologist? Fact is, Corn's writing on the CIA is very tame, old hat, in my opinion, but better than nothing. However, Corn's sense of Black Tuesday is VERY common. He would be well advised to tune out CIA lies and investigate their actions. Don't listen to what they say, watch what they do.

And find an honest line of work.


Saturday, April 09, 2005

Adnan Khashoggi Linked to 911 Terrorists



By Alex Constantine

The Patriot Act ran the Congressional gauntlet like greased pork, untouched and unread, so civil libertarians opened it up and poked through its oleaginous mass prior to passage, wiped their hands, and came away with a creepy sense of deja vu - but by the time the obvious comparisons to the rise of National Socialism were made, the act was voted into law.

Then as now, the federal vaults swung open and revenue gushed through redirected banking channels, washed through hidden corporate and "homeland security" funds, ultimately lapping on the shores of select world-class criminals, a transfer of fluid capital worthy of German and American Robber Barons alike.

Two of the principal American backers of the Nazi regime were General Electric and ITT. Both multinationals were represented on the boards of IG Farben, the corporation that conspired to put Adolf Hitler in power, AND ChoicePoint, the corporation that conspired to put George W. Bush in power.


After 1915, International General Electric (I.G.E.) in New York, researcher Nhan Myrick informs us, "acted as the foreign investment, manufacturing, and selling organization for the General Electric Company." I.G.E. held a 25 to 30-percent interest in German General Electric (A.E.G.), and holdings in a company called Osram in Berlin.

The holdings gave I.G.E. four directors on the board of A.E.G., and another at Osram, "and significant influence in the internal domestic policies of these German companies. The significance of this General Electric ownership is that A.E.G. and Osram were prominent suppliers of funds for Hitler in his rise to power in Germany in 1933."

Farben, of course, was the most generous German-American financial underwriter of Hitler. "Several directors of A.E.G. were also on the board of I.G. Farben." The sinister luminaries included Hermann Bucher, chairman of A.E.G., also on the I.G. Farben board, and A.E.G. directors Julius Flechtheim and Walter von Rath. "I.G. Farben contributed 30 percent of the 1933 Hitler National Trusteeship (or takeover) fund." Accumulatoren Fabrik A-G "was a Hitler contributor with two directors on the A.E.G. board, August Pfeffer and Gunther Quandt. Quandt personally owned 75 percent of Accumulatoren Fabrik..."1

The nameplates may have changed over time, but fascism has been a geopolitical constant since it was conceived by Mussolini in the 1920s, and so have the political intrigues of General Electric.

We've already met a former director of ChoicePoint, Richard "Killer Pimp" Armitage. Let's meet another: Kenneth Langone, a director at GE who interlocks with the ChoicePoint directorate.

Langone received his MBA from the Stern School of Business at New York University. He was the founder of Invemed Associates, LLC, and Home Depot, Inc. Langone is on the board of the New York Stock Exchange, DBT Online, Inc., InterWorld Corporation, TRICON Global Restaurants, Inc. and Unifi, Inc.

He's is a familiar face in New York politics, one of the principal fund-raisers for Rudolph Giuliani in his senate race against Hillary Clinton. Langone's place wasn't limited to backstair deal-making, however. During the campaign, New Yorkers switched on their television sets to see a commercial featuring a bimbo with a heavy southern drawl, dressed in a suit, crooning over a hot, gummy pizza called the Big New Yorker. "How do I know so much about New York pizza?" she asks. "'Cause, New York, I want to be your next senator!" A New York cop exults, "$9.99! What do they think this is, Arkansas?"2 Pizza Hut was owned by TRICON, a company under Langone's directorship.

Did the GE-ChoicePoint director's support for New York's take-charge mayor have anything to do with the fact that Rudy's mentor was none other than Adnan Khashoggi's attorney, Mr. Robert G. Morvillo, or that all three were movers in the same CIA-Mafia-corporate-Big-Boy net that has given rise to scores of headline-grabbing political scandals in the last few decades? From the archives:

Robert G. Morvillo

He is the name partner of Morvillo, Abramowitz, Grand, Iason & Silberberg, a 40-lawyer firm he established in 1973. Among his other well-known clients was Rep. Robert Garcia, convicted of extortion in the 1989 Wedtech scandal.

In another bribery case, he won acquittal in 1987 for John Zaccaro, husband of former Democratic vice presidential candidate Geraldine Ferraro. He also represented the Saudi financier Adnan Khashoggi, alleged to have siphoned money from the Philippines for Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos but acquitted with them in a federal case. Two years ago he represented Robert Iler, who played the son of Tony Soprano of the HBO series 'The Sopranos,' on a robbery charge (he got probation). In the 1960s and 1970s, Morvillo served in the U.S. attorney's office for the Southern District of New York. He was a chief trial assistant in the fraud unit there, and then chief of the criminal division, where he mentored a young assistant U.S. attorney named Rudolph Giuliani."3

All contributions to Giuliani were handled by New York City Public-Private Initiatives Inc. (PPI), headed by Ms. Tamra Lhota. "As its name suggests," Newsday reports, "the corporation falls into a fuzzy area among the government, the business and the philanthropic worlds, where city officials can arrange private financing for pet projects without directly soliciting funds, which would be illegal."4

Tamra Roberts Lhota was a fundraiser in all three of Giuliani's runs for mayor. She ran PPI, according to the CUNY Clarion, "to raise private money for public projects.... PPI established and initially ran the Twin Towers Fund, which benefits the families of members of the City's uniformed services who were lost in the WTC disaster.... Members include Richard Grasso of the NY Stock Exchange, real estate magnate Jerry Speyer, NY Mets owner Fred Wilpon and former deputy mayor Peter Powers. Past PPI board members have included Henry Kissinger [and] David Rockefeller."5 Judith Nathan - Giuliani's highly-publicized "companion" through his messy divorce - was an unpaid board member. And Langone was there, of course.6

"This is shadow government," Peter Bienstock, a lawyer who chaired a state investigation of PPI, told Newsday. "That investigation's report, issued in 1990, said of such nonprofits, authorities and foundations: Although these entities are all created by governments to serve a public purpose ... their transactions are generally not subject to normal government oversight and control. Over time, they have collectively become, in effect, a shadow government, quite powerful but little known and understood,' the study

Back at his alma mater NYU, where he was a trustee, there was some hand-wringing over Langone's association with the university. The campus newspaper reports, "two NYU trustees who also serve on the board of the New York Stock Exchange pose a serious conflict of interest to the proper functioning of the Big Board.... The report, released in July, also spotlights NYU trustee Richard Grasso, who resigned last Wednesday as chairman of the stock exchange amid criticism that a $140 million compensation and retirement benefits package he was set to receive was too large. The Council of Institutional Investors released the report, which questions Sexton's ability to act impartially while serving on the stock exchange's nominating committee.... The report cites numerous other potentially compromising connections among board members and those on the nominating committee, beside those related to NYU. A serious overlap' exists between the 27 board members and those on the nominating committee, Brentley said.... The council's report found only one nominating committee member with no obvious connection to the board.' Outside relationships exist among board members themselves, according to the council's report, which cited 24 such connections. Grasso had ties to five other members, Langone had relationships with four and Fink was connected to one other person, the report said."8

A few months later, Langone's Invemed, a Wall Street securitues brokerage, was also in trouble with regulators. The company, it seems, had a close relationship with the Credit Suisse Group dating to the 1980s. The New York Times found that the companies together managed the shares for a company financed by Langone. Thereby, Invemed "would introduce companies that would issue stock to Credit Suisse, and then Credit Suisse would give a percentage of shares in a larger firm the group was managing to Invemed. According to The New York Times, in March 2000, Invemed participated in 50 new stock issues, more than 90 percent of which were underwritten by Credit Suisse."9

Credit Suisse ...


"2000: In mid year, the two largest banks in Switzerland, UBS and Credit Suisse, approved a "1.25 billion-dollar global settlement aimed at ending the long-running dispute over Holocaust assets..." - "GOVERNMENTS' COMPLICITY IN THE NAZI HOLOCAUST: France, Germany, and Switzerland"10


1) Nhan Myrick, General Electric Funded Hitler,", September 26,2004.

2) "Hillary Panned by Pizza Hut," originally printed in the Times of London,

3) "Robert G. Morvillo,"

4) Dan Janison, "New York City's Shadow Government," New York Newsday,12/27/99.

5) "CUNY's Board of Trustees: The Powers That Be,"

6) Stephanie Saul, "Rudy's WTC Fund Tied To Nathan's Firm," Newsday,February 9, 2002.

7) Janison.

8) Xana OíNeill, "Unease with trustees NYU-NYSE link called suspect,", September 23, 2003.

9) Elisabeth Salemme, Langone '57 accused of securities fraud,' Bucknellian(school newspaper), April 25, 2003.